Uro oncology is a branch of urology that deals with management of malignancies of the genitor-urinary tract like that of the kidney, ureter, bladder, prostate, penis & testis.
The treatment of urological cancers depends on the stage of the disease at presentation. Surgery still remains as the predominant form of treatment. However the recent advances have resulted in introduction of minimally invasive and less morbid treatment options. In renal cancers (Fig. 1), nephron sparing surgery is now the norm for small tumors. Majority of the urinary bladder tumors (Fig. 2) are non invasive and can be managed with endoscopic surgery ie. TURBT. However in cases of advanced malignancy of the kidney or bladder, radical surgery is still required.